Modern refrigerator and street sweeper
In 1914, Parpart won a second patent for the modern refrigerator after improving upon the first.Though many believe her fiancée -highly skilled in electrical circuitry assisted in designing the first prototype.
Though the first sweeper was awarded to Eureka Frazer Brown in 1879, she improved the street sweeper and its manufacturing process. She won her patent in 1900 and had contracts with cities as San Francisco to manufacture and deploy her design.
The life raft is used extensively by sea-faring folks for safety. In 1882 Maria invented this device and patented it.
Speed spectrum technology
Australian actress Hedy become a pioneer in the field of wireless communications following her emigration to the United States. She along with co-inventor George Anthiel, developed a “secret communications system” to help combat the Nazis in World War II.
They received a patent in 1941 and later used it in naval ships and even today in cellular phones, fax machines and other wireless operations.
Kevlar in bulletproof vest and tires
Lightweight, tougher-than-steel fiber in bulletproof vest, vehicle tires and protective gear was invented in 1965. It was initially used in the early 1970s as a replacement for steel in racing tires.
Dr. Shirley Jackson
Breakthrough research in telecommunications
As a child she conducted experiments and research, popular among those is the eating habits of honeybees. Her research in telecommunications enabled others to invent portable fax, touch tone telephone, solar cells, fiber optic cables, caller ID and call waiting.
Nano Coating and Invisible glass
Katharine was General Electric’s first female scientist. She discovered a way to transfer thin mono-molecular coatings to glass and metals, known today as Nano coating. This protects the material from chemical or mechanical damages.
Nearly 7,000 years ago in Mesopotamia and Sumeria women were the only ones allowed to brew beer because of the exceptional skills. Ancient Finland also credits the creation of beer to the fairer sex, with three women, a bear’s saliva and wild honey the apparent first ingredients. In England ale was traditionally made in the home by women. They were known as brewsters or ale-wives and the sale of the drink provided a valuable income for many households.
Admiral Grace Hooper
The Rear Admiral A.K.A “Amazing Grace” was the first to translate English commands into computer code. This has birth so many human-computer languages today.
Inventor Mary received a patent for her car-window cleaning device in 1903. She conceived this idea on a trip to New York when she noticed the streetcar drivers had to open the windows when it rained, in order to see. She then invented a swinging arm device with a rubber blade that is operated by the driver in the car by pushing a lever.
El Dorado Jones
In 1919 Jones invented the airplane muffler reduce the amount of noise emitted in its engine after she looked at an automobile muffler and realized it could work for airplanes.
She was a British mathematician and writer, and considered the world’s first computer programmer. Her work in computer science has brought about high end languages, search algorithms and other inventions in the field. The modern language Ada, an object-oriented high-level computer programming language is named in her honor.
Shaker Tabitha Babbitt
After realizing the round blade would be more efficient in a saw mill she invented it in 1813. She was watching men use the difficult two-man whipsaw when she noticed that half of their motion was wasted.
Submarine Telescope and lamp
Armies began using submarines during the Civil War. The periscope like equipment that allows in dwellers see above was invented by Sarah. She granted a patent in 1845 for a “tube with a lamp to one end…”
Dr. Maria Telkes
Solar heated houses
Solar energy may be in vogue today thanks to physicist and solar-power pioneer -Dr. Maria Telkes, who built the first solar-heated house back in 1947.
Paper bag folding machine, Cotton mill safety mechanism and rotary engine.
After the civil war, Margaret worked in a Massachusetts paper bag plant. During that time, Knight thought how much easier it would be to pack items in paper bags if it had a flat button. That idea inspired her to create the machine that would transform her into a famous woman inventor. The machine automatically folded and glues the bags.
After observing an accident with a cotton mill, she designed a part of the machine that stops the whole system when something is stuck in it. Later Patented it in 1850.
She was awarded the decoration of the Royal Legion of Honour Queen Victoria in 1871 after being the first woman to be granted a U.S. patent in 1793, and a holder of 87 U.S. patents
Although she was in her sixties when the automobile was introduced at the turn of the century, she nevertheless patented a series of rotary engine designs prior to her death in 1914.
Lillian Moller Gilbreth
Electric food mixer, shelves inside fridge and foot-pedal trash can
In the early 90’s she designed the shelves inside refrigerator doors and the electric food mixer. She later tidied up cleaning with the foot pedal trash can. Being a pioneer in ergonomics she improved existing inventions with small, but ingenious, tweaks.
Lizzie and J. Magie Philips in 1903 created a game to help explain the single tax theory of Henry George (theory of Georgism). She later patented it in 1904. The game was intended as an educational tool to illustrate the negative aspects of concentrating land in private monopolies.
Marion revolutionized parenting by patenting a waterproof boater in 1951. The original was made with shower curtains. She later sold her patent to Keko Corporation for $1 million, and created an entirely disposable model a few years later. The popular pampers was born in 1961.
She created the first commercially useful hand-powered dishwasher. She patented it in 1886, it combined high water pressure, a wheel, a boiler and a wire rack. Sources claim she never used the dishwasher herself.
Bette Nesmith Graham
Liquid Paper ®
Secretary Bette secretly used white tempera paint to cover up her typing errors. After several tries and perfection in her kitchen, she finally patented Liquid paper in 1958. Gillette later bought the company in 1979 for a whopping $ 47.5 million.
Adeline Dutton Train Whitney
A prolific writer whose books expressed a traditional view of women’s roles and were popular throughout her life. In 1882 she patented wooden blocks to help children learn their ABC’s.
Dr. Virginia Apgar
The Apgar score
The simple assessment of the state of a baby at birth. Helps to find out if the newborn is healthy or needs additional medical assistance. In 1952 she started testing newborns five minutes after birth. Approximately 10 years later, the medical community made a “backronym”; Appearance, Pulse, Grimace, Activity and Respiration.
Signal flares is light created by combustion of a pyrotechnic composition. After finding plans in her husband’s notebook after his passing. This widow spent 10 years with chemists and pyrotechnics expects to make his idea a reality. Her husband was credited as the inventor after it was patented in 1859.
Mary A. Delaney
Retractable Dog Leash
1908 Mary patented the first retractable. It had a collar attached, keeping pooches under control whiles giving them the freedom to roam.
Sarah E. Goode
First African-American with a U.S. patent
Folding cabinet bed
Patenting this idea made her the first African-American woman with a U.S. patent. The idea maximizes space in rooms. A complete desk can double as a bed at night.
Patsy O’Connell Sherman
The widely used stain and water repellent formula was accidentally discovered by 3M chemists -Patsy and Samuel Smith. Sherman was perplexed when some fluorochemical rubber spilled on a lab assistant’s shoe and wouldn’t come off. Without changing the color of the shoe, the stain repelled water, oil, and other liquids. They patented in 1973 after starting sales in 1956.
Ellen Eliza Fitz
Fitz 12-inch Terrestrial Globe
Ellen an American governess working in St. John Country, invented a terrestrial globe mount that illustrated the path of the sun and the various durations of the day, night and twilight. She obtained a patent in 1875.
Locomotive engine & Elevated Railway
She was awarded two patents for pollution-reducing devices -locomotive engine and elevated railway. In 1879 she created a method for reducing the environmental hazard of the smoke emitted from locomotive engines. She later invented a system for reducing the noise produced by elevated railway systems that were expanding in New York City then.
The metallic stairs provides a method of escape in the event of a fire or other emergencies that makes the stairwells inside a building inaccessible, after in 1860 in New York City a law was passed for outside stairs for high rise buildings. Inventors came up with several ideas including a head parachute and basket. She came up with a bridge connected between neighbouring buildings for easy escape during fire. In 1887 she patented an iron railed bridge.
She is the African American who received patent rights for the improvements to the ironing board in 1892. Hers was designed to improve the ironing of sleeves and bodies of women’s garments.
The car heater
Heating up the inside of your vehicle when the weather is cold is very comforting. This came into being thanks to Margret, it was invented in 1893. The system later become inadequate for temperature control but other inventors bettered it.
In 1899, Letitia Mumford Geer of New York was granted a patent for an “In a hand-syringe”. The combination of a cylinder, a piston and an operating-rod which is bent upon itself to form a smooth and rigid arm terminating in a handle, in extreme positions it is located within reach of the fingers of the hand which holds the cylinder, thus permitting one hand to hold and operate the syringe.
First Woman to receive a Nobel Prize
Won a Nobel Peace Prize for Chemistry in 1991. Her achievements include the theory of radioactivity (she coined the word), techniques for isolating radioactive isotopes. She discovered Polonium and radium. Under her direction, the world’s first studies were conducted into the treatment of neoplasms using radioactive isotopes.
Chocolate Cookie Chips
The 1936 edition of her book, Toll House Tried and True Recipes was the first to include the recipe “Toll House Chocolate Crunch Cookie”
She intentionally invented the cookie. She said “We had been serving a thin butterscotch nut cookie with ice cream. Everybody seemed to love it, but I was trying to give them something different. So I came up with Toll House Cookie ”.
Snugli ® and Weego ® Child carriers
She served in Togo during the 1960s and was accompanied by her husband and fellow Peace Corps volunteer -Mike
After the birth of the couple’s first daughter, following their return to the U.S., Ann attempted to carry her child in the style used in West Africa by using a long shawl as a sling to strap the infant to her back. Finding this method to be ineffective, as the child would slip, Moore and her mother, Agnes Lucille Aukerman, developed a backpack harness that would become the forerunner to the Snugli. Then was patented in 1969.
Marie Van Brittan Brown
Closed-Circuit Television Security (CCTV)
She invented the home security system. The patent was granted in 1969. Brown’s system had a set of 4 peep holes and a camera that could slide up and down to look at each one. The system included a device that enabled a homeowner to use a television set to view the person at the door and hear the caller’s voice.
Just imagine a material that is fire-proof and non-toxic. Indestructible right?
Trying to create a cement addictive to prevent her sculptures from shattering, she came up with an indestructible plaster. Later she realized the material can withstand so much heat which opened doors for a wide range of uses.
Dr. Erna Schneider Hoover
Awarded one of the first patent for computer software
Computerized system for phone traffic
Her invention revolutionized modern communication, it prevented system overloads by monitoring call center traffic and prioritizing tasks on phone switching systems to enable efficient service during peak calling times.
Gas heating furnace
After brainstorming on the concept of warming up her house and regulating its temperature she came up it a furnace that works on gas. She patented in 1919.
Ice cream freezer/maker
In 1843 Nancy received the first U.S. patent for a small-scale hand-cranked freezer after an African American confectioner -Augustus Jackson in 1836 created multiple ice cream recipes. Her machine pioneered a superior ice cream technique and prepping.